Augustinian Friars Profile · Fray Diego de Hererra · History of the Augustinians

The Life of Fray Diego de Herrera and his martyrdom in the Philippines

Actual text translated into English from the “Conquistas de las Islas de Filipinas” by Fray Gaspar de San Agustin, OSA, pp. 749-759

The Life of the venerable Fray Diego de Herrera, and the unfortunate failure of the mission he was conducting in this Province

Of the lamentable events of Father Martin de Rada and Father Agustin de Albuquerque in the voyage they undertook to China, the end that the venerable Fray Diego de Herrera met was the most unfortunate and fatal, with the new operatives who accompanied him to these islands, in the propagation of the faith not only there but also in this archipelago and that of the vast empire of China, whose tragedy is retold but historians. However, I preferred to follow the narrative he makes it to the letter, as well as about the life of such an apostolic gentleman, as written by Fray Jose Sicardo in Adiciones a la Historia Mejicana.[1]

The venerable Fray Diego de Herrera was born of honorable parents, in an area of the Archbishopric of Toledo names Recas. He was the son of Miguel de Alameda and his legitimate wife, Juana Martinez. As good Christians, they educated their son in good customs. He grew so well-inclined that as a child, he would gather together others of his age, and would play at preaching them platitudes. Everyone admired his saintly propensity in this undertaking, and was of the opinion that God destined him for greater things, as time would prove when he would become a famous preacher in Spain, Mexico and the Philippines, where his efficacy and sweet words and sentences would enthrall his listeners. He was inclined to the religious state, and took on our habit at the convent of Toledo, where he professed his vows on March 10, 1545, even Fray Martin Claver in the history he wrote of our province  in the Philippine states that he was a native of Medina del Campo and the son of our convent in Valladolid.[2] However, not even Father Herrera[3] found him among the sons of that convent, nor did I find him among the list I have of them. Our famous historian[4] states his teacher was Fray Jeronimo Roman, and since he would have taken his vows in our Haro [Jaro] convent on August 8, 1551 and the venerable Fray Diego on March 10, 1545, the time is proportionate to encompass the studies to which he admits, because before leaving the province of Castille, the venerable Fray Diego and expounded there with the credit corresponding to his great genius and knowledge due to his continuous studies; albeit with such subordinate resignation to his prelates that the enterprises of spiritual conquests were more the result of obedience than of the ardent spirit with which he undertook them. Continue reading “The Life of Fray Diego de Herrera and his martyrdom in the Philippines”

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Cebu Province (Filipino Augustinians) · History of the Augustinians

Where are the Augustinians now in the Philippines after 450 years of presence?

If you remember, the Augustinians first landed in the Philippines from Mexico. The Augustinian priest and navigator, Andrés de Urdaneta O.S.A. discovered the sailing route for returning from the Philippines to Mexico in 1565. The first houses of the Augustinians were established at Cebú in 1565, and at Manila in 1571 (famously known as the place of the San Agustin Church in Intramuros, the San Agustin Monastery).

According to a report published in March 1898, the Province had under its care 2,377,743 Filipinos, 234 parishes and missions, 22 regions or missionary districts, and a total of 618 Augustinian priests, brothers, novices and professed. Members of the Order had founded over 300 towns and built over 300 churches in the Philippines.

Source: Link

With this outstanding milestone, have you not wondered where are they now? After the Philippine Revolution, the Spanish Augustinian friars were sent away from the country together with other religious Orders. Of those 300 churches built by the Augustinians, only four churches are under their care. These are at the same time given back to them after the clericalization and localization of churches in the Philippines. The four old churches that were given to them are the San Agustin Church in Intramuros, Manila (Administered by the Augustinians of the Vicariate of the Orient); Guadalupe Church in Makati City, San Jose Church in Iloilo City; and the Basilica Minore del Sto. Nino de Cebu in Cebu City. These three churches are administered by the Augustinians of the Province of Sto. Nino de Cebu. Where are they now as of 2015? Please see the infographic picture below. Continue reading “Where are the Augustinians now in the Philippines after 450 years of presence?”

Augustinian Friars Profile · General History · Philippines

Augustinian Bishops in the Philippines

In the history of Augustinian presence in the Philippines since their arrival in 1565 together with Miguel Lopez de Legazpi, there had been 18 Augustinians who were appointed and served as bishops to the four major archdioceses in the Philippine islands – The Archdioceses of Manila (1579) Cebu (1595), Nueva Caceres (Bicol-1595), and Nueva Segovia (Ilocos-Cagayan – 1595). The first Augustinian bishop is Pedro de Agurto in the Diocese of Cebu and he is also the first Bishop of Cebu when it was made a dioceses in 1595. And, the last Augustinian bishop is Arsenio del Campo y Monasterio in the Diocese of Nueva Caceres from November 25, 1887 to July 20, 1903. Here is the list of the Augustinian bishops in the Philippines since 1595, 30 years after the Augustinians first arrived.

3 – Archdiocese of Nueva Segovia
4 – Archdiocese of Cebu
4 – Archdiocese of Manila
7 – Archdiocese of Nueva Caceres

1. 1917: Bishop Arsenio del Campo y Monasterio, O.E.S.A., Bishop emeritus of Nueva Caceres (Philippines)
(1887.11.25 – 1903.07.20)
Born: 1839.12.14 (Spain)
Ordained Priest: 1863
Consecrated Bishop: 1888.04.15
Died: 1917.07.10 († 77)
Bishop of Nueva Caceres (Philippines) (1887.11.25 – 1903.07.20)
Titular Bishop of Epiphania (1912.12.02 – 1917.07.10)

2. 1886: Bishop Casimiro Herrero Pérez, O.E.S.A., Bishop of Nueva Caceres (Philippines)
(1880.10.01 – 1886.11.12)
Born: 1824.05.04 (Spain)
Consecrated Bishop: 1881.02.06
Died: 1886.11.12 († 62)
Bishop of Nueva Caceres (Philippines) (1880.10.01 – 1886.11.12)

3. 1872: Bishop Juan José Aragonés, O.E.S.A., Bishop of Nueva Segovia (Philippines)
(1865.03.27 – 1872.08.14)
Born: 1816.08.21 (Spain)
Consecrated Bishop: 1865.10.01
Died: 1872.08.14 († 55)
Bishop of Nueva Segovia (Philippines) (1865.03.27 – 1872.08.14)

4. 1856: Bishop Vicente Barreiro y Pérez, O.E.S.A., Bishop of Nueva Segovia (Philippines)
(1846.01.19 – 1848.04.14)
Born: 1790.04.01 (Spain)
Ordained Priest: 1813
Consecrated Bishop: 1849.01.28
Died: 1856.05.17 († 66)
Bishop of Nueva Caceres (Philippines) (1846.01.19 – 1848.04.14)
Bishop of Nueva Segovia (Philippines) (1848.04.14 – 1856.05.17)

5. 1845: Archbishop José Seguí, O.E.S.A., Metropolitan Archbishop of Manila (Philippines)
(1830.07.05 – 1845.07.04)
Born: 1773.10.03 (Spain)
Consecrated Bishop: 1830.10.28
Died: 1845.07.04 († 71)
Titular Bishop of Hierocæsarea (1829.07.27 – 1830.07.05)
Metropolitan Archbishop of Manila (Philippines) (1830.07.05 – 1845.07.04)

6. 1840: Bishop Santos Gómez Marañón, O.E.S.A., Bishop of Cebu (Philippines)
(1829.09.28 – 1840.10.23)
Born: 1763.11.01 (Spain)
Consecrated Bishop: 1830.10.28
Died: 1840.10.23 († 76)
Bishop of Cebu (Philippines) (1829.09.28 – 1840.10.23)

7. 1829: Archbishop Hilarión Díez, O.E.S.A., Metropolitan Archbishop of Manila (Philippines)
(1826.07.03 – 1829.05.07)
Born: 1761.10.21 (Spain)
Consecrated Bishop: 1827.10.21
Died: 1829.05.07 († 67)
Metropolitan Archbishop of Manila (Philippines) (1826.07.03 – 1829.05.07)

8. 1803: Bishop Agustín Pedro Blaquier, O.E.S.A., Bishop of Nueva Segovia (Philippines)
(1801.07.20 – 1803.12.31)
Born: 1749.10.02 (Spain)
Consecrated Bishop: 1803.02.20
Died: 1803.12.31 († 54)
Bishop of Nueva Segovia (Philippines) (1801.07.20 – 1803.12.31)

9. 1796: Bishop Juan García Ruiz, O.E.S.A., Bishop of Nueva Caceres (Philippines)
(1784.06.26 – 1796.05.02)
Born: 1720.06.06 (Spain)
Consecrated Bishop: 1786.03.12
Died: 1796.05.02 († 75)
Bishop of Nueva Caceres (Philippines) (1784.06.26 – 1796.05.02)

10. 1728: Bishop Sebastián Foronda, O.E.S.A., Apostolic Administrator of Cebu (Philippines)
Born: 1672 (Spain)
Consecrated Bishop: 1723.11.30
Died: 1728.05.20 († 56)
Titular Bishop of Calydon (1722.03.02 – 1728.05.20)
Apostolic Administrator of Cebu (Philippines) (1722.03.02 – 1728.05.20)

11. 1645: Bishop Pedro Arce, O.E.S.A., Bishop of Cebu (Philippines)
(1612.09.17 – 1645.10.16)
Born: (Spain)
Consecrated Bishop: 1613
Died: 1645.10.16
Bishop of Cebu (Philippines) (1612.09.17 – 1645.10.16)

12. 1641: Archbishop Fernando Guerrero, O.E.S.A., Metropolitan Archbishop of Manila (Philippines)
(1634.01.09 – 1641.07.01)
Born: 1567 (Spain)
Consecrated Bishop: 1628
Died: 1641.07.01 († 74)
Bishop of Nueva Segovia (Philippines) (1627.05.17 – 1634.01.09)
Metropolitan Archbishop of Manila (Philippines) (1634.01.09 – 1641.07.01)

13. 1639: Bishop Francisco Zamudio y Abendano, O.E.S.A., Bishop of Nueva Caceres (Philippines)
(1628.07.10 – 1639)
Born: 1565
Died: 1639 († 74)
Bishop of Nueva Caceres (Philippines) (1628.07.10 – 1639)

14. 1629: Archbishop Miguel García Serrano, O.E.S.A., Metropolitan Archbishop of Manila (Philippines)
(1618.02.12 – 1629.06.14)
Born: 1569 (Spain)
Consecrated Bishop: 1617
Died: 1629.06.14 († 60)
Bishop of Nueva Segovia (Philippines) (1616.08.03 – 1618.02.12)
Metropolitan Archbishop of Manila (Philippines) (1618.02.12 – 1629.06.14)

15. 1623: Bishop Diego Guevara, O.E.S.A., Bishop of Nueva Caceres (Philippines)
(1616.08.03 – 1623)
Born: 1568 (Spain)
Died: 1623 († 55)
Bishop of Nueva Caceres (Philippines) (1616.08.03 – 1623)

16. 1608: Bishop Pedro de Agurto, O.E.S.A., Bishop of Cebu (Philippines)
(1595.08.30 – 1608.10.14)
Consecrated Bishop: 1596
Died: 1608.10.14
Bishop of Cebu (Philippines) (1595.08.30 – 1608.10.14)

17. 1602: Bishop Francisco Ortega, O.E.S.A., Bishop of Nueva Caceres (Philippines)
(1599.09.13 – 1602)
Born: (Spain)
Consecrated Bishop: 1600
Died: 1602
Bishop of Nueva Caceres (Philippines) (1599.09.13 – 1602)

18. 1646: Fr. Nicolas de Zaldivar y Zapata, O.E.S.A., Bishop of Nueva Caceres (Philippines)
(1644.05.02 – 1646)
Died: 1646
Bishop of Nueva Caceres (Philippines) (1644.05.02 – 1646)